Advanced Steel Construction

Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 390-405 (2009)




Marcela Karmazínová *, Jindrich Melcher and Zdenek Kala

Brno University of Technology, Veveří St. 95, 602 00 Brno, Czech Republic

*(Corresponding author: E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

Received: 24 January 2008; Revised: 24 July 2008; Accepted: 28 July 2008




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This paper deals with the problems of the fastening of steel structures to concrete constructions using the post-installed anchoring elements. The paper is oriented to the presentation of some results of the analysis concentrated to the actual behaviour of the particular type of steel mechanical anchors, so called expansion anchors, during the loading process. Within the frame of the experimental verification, using the realized tests results and their elaboration, the load-carrying capacities for the corresponding failure mechanisms were obtained. Within the frame of the theoretical analysis, using the tests results statistic evaluation, the probabilistic models were created, for the subsequent reliability analysis leading to the derivation of the characteristic and design resistances. The problems mentioned above were solved for some selected failure mechanisms and load-carrying capacities of expansion anchors under tensile force namely, for static loading actions and eventually for dynamic loading actions.



Fastening, expansion anchors, steel, concrete, experiment, design assisted by testing, design resistance, characteristic resistance, mean value


[1] Eligehausen, R., Malée, R. and SILVA, J.F., “Anchorage in Concrete Construction”, Ernst & Sohn, GmbH, Berlin 2006, ISBN 3-433-01143-5.

[2] Karmazínová, M., Melcher, J. and Kala, Z., “To the Design of Steel Expansion Anchors Based on the Experimental Verification of the Actual Behaviour”, In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference, Steel and Aluminium Structures ICSAS‘07 held in Oxford, Oxford Brookes University, 2007, pp. 401-408, ISBN 978-0-9556254-0-4.

[3] Karmazínová, M. and Melcher, J., “Behaviour of Expansion Anchors to Concrete”, In Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Connections between Steel and Concrete held in Stuttgart, IBIDEM – VERLAG, 2007, pp. 279-290, ISBN 978-389821-807-8.

[4] Karmazínová, M., Melcher, J. and Kala, Z., “Load-Carrying Capacity of Post-Installed Steel Anchors to Concrete Subjected to Shear”, In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Steel and Composite Structures, ICSCS´07 held in Manchester, University of Manchester, 2007, pp. 449-454, ISBN 0415451418.

[5] Karmazínová, M., “Resistance of the Fastening to Concrete under Repeated Loading”, In Proceedings of the 4-th European Conference on Steel and Composite Structures EUROSTEEL 2005, Maastricht 2005, Vol. C, pp. 4.10-33-40, ISBN 3-86130-812-6.

[6] Karmazínová, M., “To the Problems of Design Philosophy and Experimental Verification of Steel Expansion Anchors”, Assoc. Prof. Theses, Brno University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering, 2005, pp. 154.

[7] EN 1990 (European Standard), Basis of Structural Design, Brussels: CEN, 2004.