Advanced Steel Construction

Vol. 12, No. 4, pp. 359-379 (2016)




Messaoud Titoum1,*, Aida Mazoz1, Abdelkader Benanane2 and Djamel Ouinas3

1 Laboratory of Materials and Mechanics of Structures, University of M’sila 28000, Algeria 

2 Laboratory of Materials and Processes of Construction, University of Mostaganem 27000, Algeria

3 Laboratory of numerical and experimental modelling of the mechanical phenomena, University of Mostaganem 27000, Algeria

*(Corresponding author: E-mail:This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

Received: 2 February 2016; Revised: 24 March 2016; Accepted: 26 March 2016




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In this paper, we present the results of experimental study and finite element modeling of the push-out tests on a new shear connector of I-shape. 24 push-out specimens with I-shape shear connectors were tested under a static loading in the Laboratory of Materials and Mechanics of Structures - LMMS at the University of M'sila, Algeria. The test specimens were designed to study the effect of the following parameters on the ultimate load capacity: the height of I-shape connector, the length of I-shape connector, the compressive strength of concrete and the number of transverse reinforcing bars. The load capacity, the ductility and the modes of failure were presented and discussed. Furthermore, a finite element modelling of the push-out tests was carried out using ANSYS software to investigate the stress distribution pattern in the area of the I-shape connector. Moreover, the finite element model was also used to simulate another type of shear connector, called channel connector in order to compare its behaviour with that of the I-shape connector. From this comparison, we suggested an equation for the prediction of the ultimate load capacity of I-shape shear connectors.



Steel-concrete connection, I-shape shear connector, Push-out tests, F.E.M.


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