Advanced Steel Construction

Vol. 15, No. 3, pp. 215-224 (2019)




Xian Li*1,2,3, Xiao-han Ma1, Bei-Dou Ding1,2, Yu-wei Zhao1,3 and Peng Zhang1

1 Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Environmental Impact and Structural Safety in Civil Engineering , China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, 221116, Jiangsu, China
2 State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics & Deep Underground Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, 221116, Jiangsu, China
3 Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Building Energy Saving and Construction Technology, Jiangsu Vocational Institute of Architectural Technology, Xuzhou, 221116, Jiangsu, China
* (Corresponding author: Xian Li; E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

Received: 6 July 2018; Revised: 14 October 2018; Accepted: 14 October 2018




View Article   Export Citation: Plain Text | RIS | Endnote


This paper presents an experimental study on the seismic behavior of precast concrete filled dual steel tube (CFDST) columns in socket foundations. The type of socket foundation is a good choice to accelerate the construction of precast CFDST structures, which involves embedding the precast CFDST column portion into a cavity within the precast footing and then filling the cavity with cast-in-place concrete or grout. In this study, five precast CFDST columns with various column base details were tested under simulated seismic loads until failure, and the effects of embedment depths and details of column bases on the seismic behavior were evaluated. The test results indicate that all precast CFDST columns with an embedment depth into the socket foundations larger than 1.0D (D is the outer diameter of the column) achieved a desirable plastic hinge failure at the column base. The further increase of the embedment depth larger than 1.0D and the use of CFRP wraps to confine the column base had no significant improvement on the seismic behavior of the specimens. However, the use of steel rings and the un-bond region left in the column base significantly improved the deformation capacity, ductility and energy-dissipation capacity of the specimens.



Concrete filled dual steel tube column, Seismic behavior, Plastic hinge, Precast footing, Socket connections


[1] Elchalakani M., Zhao X.L. and Grzebieta R., “Tests on concrete filled double-skin (CHS outer and SHS inner) composite short columns under axial compression”, Thin-Walled Structures, 40(5), 415-441, 2002.

[2] Zhao X.L., Tong L.W. and Wang X.Y., “CFDST stub columns subjected to large deformation axial loading”, Engineering Structures, 32(3), 692-703, 2010.

[3] Kim, J.K. Kwak H.G. and Kwak J.H., “Behavior of hybrid double skin concrete filled circular steel tube columns”, Steel & Composite Structures, 14(14), 191-204, 2013.

[4] Ho J.C.M. and Dong C.X., “Improving strength, stiffness and ductility of CFDST columns by external confinement”, Thin-Walled Structures, 75(75), 18-29, 2014.

[5] Ren Q.X., Hou C., Lam D. and Han L.H., “Experiments on the bearing capacity of tapered concrete filled double skin steel tubular (CFDST) stub columns”, Steel & Composite Structures, 17(5), 667-686, 2014.

[6] Essopjee Y. and Dundu M., “Performance of concrete-filled double-skin circular tubes in compression”, Composite Structures, 133, 1276-1283, 2015.

[7] Hassanein M.F., Kharoob O.F. and Gardner L., “Behaviour and design of square concrete-filled double skin tubular columns with inner circular tubes”, Engineering Structures, 100, 410-424, 2015.

[8] Hassanein M.F., Elchalakani M. and Patel V.I., “Overall buckling behaviour of circular concrete-filled dual steel tubular columns with stainless steel external tubes”, Thin-Walled Structures, 115, 336-348, 2017

[9] Pons D., Espinós A., Albero V. and Romero M.L., “Numerical study on axially loaded ultra-high strength concrete-filled dual steel columns”, Steel & Composite Structures, 26(6), DOI: 10.12989/scs.2018.26.6.705, 2018.

[10] Han L.H., Yang Y.F., “Cyclic performance of concrete-filled steel CHS columns under flexural loading”, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 61(4), 423-452, 2005.

[11] Han L.H., Huang H., Tao Z. and Zhao X.L., “Concrete-filled double skin steel tubular (CFDST) beam–columns subjected to cyclic bending”, Engineering Structures, 28(12), 1698-1714, 2006.

[12] Guerrini G., Restrepo J.I., Massari M. and Vervelidis A., “Seismic behavior of posttensioned self-centering precast concrete dual-shell steel columns”, Journal of Structural Engineering, 141(4), 04014115, 2015.

[13] Lehman D.E. and Roeder C.W., “Foundation connections for circular concrete-filled tubes”, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 78(11), 212-225, 2012.

[14] Li X., Wu Y.P., Li X.Z., Xia J. and Lv H.L., “Punching shear strength of CFT bridge column to reinforced concrete four-pile cap connections”, Journal of Bridge Engineering, 22(8), 04017036, 2017.

[15] Canha R.M.F., Jr K.D.B. and Debs M.K.E., “Analysis of the behavior of transverse walls of socket base connections”, Engineering Structures, 31(3), 788-798, 2009.

[16] Tao Z., Han L.H. and Zhao X.L. “Behaviour of concrete-filled double skin (CHS inner and CHS outer) steel tubular stub columns and beam-columns”, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 60(8), 1129-1158, 2004.

[17] Choi K., Xiao Y. and He W., “Confined concrete-filled tubular columns”, Journal of Structural Engineering, 131(3), 488-497, 2005.

[18] BS5400, “Concrete and Composite Bridges, Part 5”, British Standard Institute, London, UK, 2006.

[19] AIJ, “Recommendations for Design and Construction of Concrete Filled Steel Tubular Structures”, Architectural Institute of Japan, 1997.

[20] AISC-LRFD, “Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) Specification for Structural Steel Buildings”, Chicago: American Institute of Steel Construction, Inc. 2016.

[21] Eurocode 4, “Design of Composite Steel and Concrete Structures, Part1.1: General Rules and Rules for Buildings (Together with United Kingdom National Application Document), DD ENV 1994-1-1:1994”, London: British Standards Institution, 2005.

[22] Hsu H.L. and Lin H.W., “Improving seismic performance of concrete-filled tube to base connections”, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 62(12), 1333-1340, 2006.

[23] ASCE/SEI 41, “Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings”, Reston, VA., 2013.