Advanced Steel Construction

Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 73-83 (2021)




Jui-Lin Peng 1, *, Shu-Hong Wang 2, Chung-Sheng Wang 3 and Judy P. Yang 4

1 Department of Civil and Construction Engineering, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology,

Yunlin, Taiwan, China.

2 School of Resource and Civil Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang, China.

3 Graduate School of Engineering Science and Technology, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Taiwan, China.

4 Department of Civil Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, China.

*(Corresponding author: E-mail:This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

Received: 8 March 2020; Revised: 8 March 2020; Accepted: 10 September 2020




View Article   Export Citation: Plain Text | RIS | Endnote


A scaffolding system is a temporary structure that is commonly adopted on construction sites. As steel scaffolds are modular members manufactured with fixed dimensions, the total height of a scaffolding system seldom fits the headroom of a building when scaffolds are set up in multiple stories. This results in a difference in elevation, i.e. gap, between the top of the scaffolding system and the ceiling slab. In addition, scaffold configurations may need to be adjusted if the interior of a building has inclined planes on the ceiling slab or stairs on the ground. This study shows that the gap between the scaffold and the ceiling slab can be eliminated by altering the lengths of adjustable base jacks or adjustable U-head jacks. When the ceiling slab is inclined, it is suggested that a combined system of scaffolds with wooden shores of different lengths should be installed in the out-of-plane direction of the scaffold unit. This system can also be used when the ceiling slab is inclined and the ground has a difference in elevation (e.g., stairs) in a building. By using the second-order elastic analysis with semi-rigid joints, the load-bearing capacity and failure model are found to be very close to those obtained in the loading tests using various scaffold configurations. In the loading tests for reused scaffolds, the lower bound of the load-bearing capacity of the scaffolding systems can be obtained by applying a subsequent load on the scaffolding systems, which are commonly adopted on the construction sites. The strength reduction factor (Φ) of these scaffolding systems installed by reused scaffolds can be obtained by calculating the mean value and standard deviation, which can serve as a reference for the strength design of scaffolding systems with different safety requirements.



Buckling, Critical load, Loading test, Scaffold, Wooden shore


[1] Yu, W.K. and Chung K.F., “Prediction on Load Carrying Capacities of Multi-storey Door-type Modular Steel Scaffolds”, Steel and Composite Structures, 4, 6, 471-487, 2004a.

[2] Yu, W.K., Chung, K.F. and Chan, S.L., “Structural Instability of Multi-storey Door-type Modular Steel Scaffolds,” Engineering Structures, 26, 867-881, 2004b.

[3] Pieńko, M. and Błazik-Borowa, E., “Numerical Analysis of Load-bearing Capacity of Modular Scaffolding Nodes,” Engineering Structures, 48, 1-9, 2013.

[4] Jia, L., Liu, H., Chen, Z., Liu, Q. and Wen, S., “Mechanical Properties of Right-Angle Couplers in Steel Tube-Coupler Scaffolds,” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 125, 43-60, 2016.

[5] Zhao, Z. and Chen, Z., “Analysis of Door-Type Modular Steel Scaffolds Based on A Novel Numerical Method,” Advanced Steel Construction, 12, 316-327, 2016.

[6] Peng, J.L., Ho, C.M., Lin, C.C. and Chen, W.F., “Load-Carrying Capacity of Single-Row Steel Scaffolds with Various Setups,” Advanced Steel Construction, 11, 185-210, 2015.

[7] Peng, J.L., Wang, C.S., Wu, C.W. and Chen, W.F., “Experiment and Stability Analysis on Heavy-Duty Scaffold Systems with Top Shores,” Advanced Steel Construction, 13, 293-317, 2017.

[8] Liu, H., Chen, Z., Wang, X. and Zhou, T., “Theoretical Analysis and Experimental Research on Stability Behavior of Structural Steel Tube and Coupler Falsework with X-Bracing,” Advanced Steel Construction, 6, 949-962, 2010.

[9] Sevim, B., Bekiroglu, S. and Arslan, G., “Experimental Evaluation of Tie Bar Effects on Structural Behavior of Suspended Scaffolding Systems,” Advanced Steel Construction, 13, 62-77, 2017.

[10] Zhang, H., Chandrangsu, T. and Rasmussen, K.J.R., “Probabilistic study of the strength of steel scaffold systems,” Structural Safety, 32, 393–401, 2010.

[11] Zhang, H., Rasmussen, K.J.R. and Ellingwood, B.R., “Reliability assessment of steel scaffold shoring structure for concrete formwork,” Engineering Structures, 36, 81–89, 2012.

[12] Chan, S.L. and Cho, S.H., “Second-order P-Δ-δ Analysis and Design of Angle Trusses Allowing for Imperfections and Semi-Rigid Connections,” Advanced Steel Construction, 1, 157-172, 2005.

[13] Chan, S.L., Zhou, Z.H., Chen, W.F., Peng, J.L. and Pan, A.D., “Stability Analysis of Semi-rigid Steel Scaffolding,” Engineering Structures, 17, 568-574, 1995.

[14] Liu, S.W., Chan, J.L.Y., Bai, R. and Chan, S.L., “Curved-quartic-function Elements with End-springs in Series for Direct Analysis of Steel Frames,” Steel and Composite Structures, 29, 623-633, 2018a.

[15] Liu, S.W., Ziemianc, R.D., Chen, L., Chan, S.L., “Bifurcation and large-deflection analyses of thin-walled beam-columns with non-symmetric open-sections,” Thin-Walled Struct. 132, 287-301, 2018b.