Advanced Steel Construction

Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 173-181 (2011)




Guochang Li 1* , Wei Sun 2  and Roberto T. Leon 3

1 School of Civil Engineering,Shenyang Jianzhu University, Shenyang 110168, China

2 Tianjin Chenli Technology CO., LTD, Tianjin 300400, China

3 School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology

Atlanta: 30332-0355,U.S.A

*(Corresponding author: E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

Received: 7 September 2010; Revised: 29 September 2010; Accepted: 12 October 2010




View Article   Export Citation: Plain Text | RIS | Endnote


In order to study the hysteretic performance of connections to gangue, tests of steel beams to gangue concrete-filled steel tube column (CFST) with ring stiffeners under low reversed cyclic loading were carried out including interior and exterior connections. The gangue is industrial waste dug out from under ground with coal. The curves of load and beam end displacement, strength degeneration, rigidity degeneration were drawn. On the basis of the above, the hysteretic behavior, energy dissipation, rigidity degeneration, strength degeneration and ductility of the joints were studied. It’s shown that the joints of gangue CFST are featured with excellent quake-resistance and excellent hysteretic performance, energy dissipation and ductility. It will be referred to structure design and project application. This lays a good foundation in the application of gangue concrete-filled steel tubular structure.



Gangue CFST, column to beam connection, reversed low cyclic loads, hysteretic performance, ductility


[1] Morino, S. and Tsuda, K., “Design and Construction of Concrete-filled Steel Tube Column System in Japan”, Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Seismology, 2003, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 51–73.

[2] Usami, T., Ge, H.B. and Saizuka, K., “Behavior of Partially Concrete-filled Steel Bridge Piers Under Cyclic and Dynamic Loading”, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 1997, Vol. 41, No. 2, pp. 121-136.

[3] Ding, F.X. and Yu, Z.W., “Behavior of Concrete and Concrete-filled Circular Steel Tubular Stub Columns at Constant High Temperatures”, Journal of Central South University of Technology (English Vesion), 2006, Vol. 37, No. 6, pp. 726-732.

[4] He, A.L. and He, Y.B., “Stress-strain Relation of Core Concrete of Axially-loaded Steel Tubular Columns Filled with Steel-reinforced Concrete”, Journal of Central South University of Technology, 2010, Vol. 41, No. 1, pp. 341-346.

[5] Liang, Q.Q. and Fragomeni, S., “Nonlinear Analysis of Circular Concrete-filled Steel Tubular Short Columns Under Cccentric Loading”, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 2010, Vol. 66, pp. 159-169.

[6] Alostaz, Y.M. and Schneider, S.P., “Analytical Behavior of Connections to Concrete-filled Steel Tubes”, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 1996, Vol. 40, No. 2, pp. 95-127.

[7] France, J.E., Davison, J.B. and Kirby, P.A., “Strength and Rotational Response of Rigid Connections to Tubular Columns Using Flowdrill Connectors”, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 1999, Vol. 50, No. 1, pp. 1-14.

[8] Elremaily, A. and Azizinamini, A., “Experimental Behavior of Steel Beam to CFT Column Connections”, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 2001, Vol. 57, pp. 1099-1119.

[9] Varma, A.H., Ricles, J.M., Sause, R. and Lu, L.W., “Seismic Behavior and Modeling of High-strength Composite Concrete-filled Steel Tube (CFT) Beam–columns”, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 2002, Vol. 58, pp. 725-758.

[10] Wang, J.F., Han, L.H. and Uy, B., “Hysteretic Behaviour of Flush End Plate Joints to Concrete-filled Steel Tubular Columns”, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 2009, Vol. 65, pp. 1644-1663.

[11] Li, G.C. and Ren, Q.S., “Dynamic Performance of Pure Bending of Gangue Concrete-filled Steel Circular Tubualr”, Sixth International Conference on Advances in Steel Structures, Hong Kong, China, Dec. 2009.

[12] Federico, M.M., “Moment Resistant Connections of Steel Frames in Seismic areasDesign and Reliability”, London : E & FN Spoon , 2000.

[13] Beutel, J., Thambirtnam, D. and Perera, N., “Cyclic Behavior of Concrete filled Steel Tubular Column to Steel Beam Connection”, Engineering Structures, 2002, Vol. 24, No. 11, pp. 29-38.

[14] Ge, H.B., Susantha, K.A.S. and Satake, Y. et al., “Seismic Demand Predictions of Concrete-filled Steel Box Columns”, Engineering Structures, 2003, Vol. 25, pp. 337-345.

[15] Tao, Zhong. and Yu, Q., “New Type of Composite Structure Column: Test, Theory and Methods”, Beijing: Science Press, 2006.

[16] Zhong, S.T. and Bai, G.L., “Beam to Column Frame Connection of Tall Building Composite Structure Analysis and Design”, Beijing: Renmin Communication Press, 2006.

[17] He, Y.Q., “Theoretical Analysis and Experimental Research on New Type of Joint of Concrete filled Steel Tubular Column with RC Beam. Master degree thesis”, Nanjing: School of Civil Engineering, Hehai University, 2006.